In short, 192.168.1.2 is a private IP address that is usually assigned to individual devices within the network, while a router has an IP address of 192.168.1.1. This address is commonly used for home broadband users to avoid any possible conflicts with other computers on a router or local network, and it can’t be used outside the home network.
What are private IP addresses and how they work?
Long time ago, the global organization managing IP addresses known as Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), decided that certain addresses will be used on a private network only. There is no special meaning for these numbers – they are just used by devices on a private network and can’t be accessed from the Internet (hence the name private IP address). That’s why modems and routers can operate within the same network using this default address without any connection conflicts, but when you want to access a router from the Internet, you have to use the public IP address. The address 192.168.1.1 is usually reserved as default router LAN address.
192.168.1.2 is a common address for devices across the planet
All router manufacturers must use an IP address within the private range, so in the early years of Internet, mainstream broadband routers started using 192.168.1.1 address as their default. When the router is assigned this address, it makes sense that it then assigns the next available address 192.168.1.2 to other devices on its network. Usually the networks assign private IP addresses by using DHCP protocol which allows them to dinamically change and reassign addresses for devices within the network. This doesn’t mean that devices gain any kind of improved performance or better security from their private IP addresses.
Why you shouldn’t try changing the address for your device
It’s not recommended that you try to assign this address manually through a process called fixed or static address assignment, because it can cause connection problems if the router is not configured properly. Each local router that uses a DHCP comes with a range of private addresses that it can assign to other devices – clients. For example, a home router with private address 192.168.1.1 can allocate addresses to other clients ranging from 192.168.1.1 to 192.168.1.254, but most routers will use the address starting at the beginning of the range. If you try to assign the 192.168.1.2 to your device, the router will not check whether any other device on the network has the same address and this can cause a connection conflict. We advise you to always let your router control the assignment of IP addresses.
If you still want to access your router
Accessing your router’s administrative console is simple: just type in your router’s address in your browser URL address bar. Let’s say that your router has 192.168.1.2 address; all you need to do is type it in your browser and it will open a new window with customizable router settings. Most routers have default user name “admin” and passwords “user”, “password” or “1234”.