Among common private IP addresses used by broadband modems and routers across the world, the IP address is used by several manufacturers such as Gigabyte, Motorola, Thomson etc. The device with this address can’t be accessed outside the private network, and the address is always unique to avoid connection conflicts with other devices on the network.

Configuring your router

The procedure for configuring your router is usually the same for all commercial routers: just type in your browser address bar and the administrative panel will open. You’ll need to know your router’s password and it is usually a simple combination of letters or numbers (such as 1234 or admin), but sometimes it can be far more complex. Once you find out the default password, it’s always a good idea to change it to a more secure one. If you continue to use default password, this can make your network vulnerable and insecure, especially if you’re using port forwarding while being connected to the Internet.

What is there to configure?

Your router’s administrative panel offers a variety of options to change: security options, network management, DNS and proxy settings, DSL and DHCP client configuration, as well as address blocking and allocation. Do not change your router’s default settings if you’re not 100% sure you won’t cause connection problems!

If you have encountered numbers somewhere, you should know that it’s a private IP address used on local networks, particularly home networks with Linksys broadband routers. They use this address together with others in the range starting from These reserved ranges haven’t been allocated yet, which means they operate strictly within a private network and don’t appear on the public Internet. They’re sometimes called bogon IP addresses or bogons. Your router can assign the bogon address automatically to any other device on its network, or administrator can do it manually.

Assignment of

All computers and various devices that support DHCP protocol can automatically receive their IP address from a router. It decides which address will be allocated from the range it is set up to manage. For example, when it’s set up with a network range between and, the router usually takes one address for itself ( and keeps the rest in a pool. Usually the router will then keep assigning addresses from the pool in sequential order, meaning that would be the next available address for allocation, but this is not always the case. Most modern network devices allow the IP address to be assigned manually in router configuration panel, but keep in mind that you if you want to assign address to your device, you also have to configure your local network router to include this address in its address range.

Attempting to assign this address to your device manually

This process is known as fixed or static address assignment and it’s not recommended due to the risk of IP address conflict. The conflict can occur when two communication endpoints on a network have been assigned the same address, and it usually makes both devices unusable for network operations. Most home network routers have address in their pool by default, and they don’t check whether it’s already been assigned manually to a client before it does the same automatically. The result is failed connection for both clients.

In short, is a private IP address that is usually assigned to individual devices within the network, while a router has an IP address of This address is commonly used for home broadband users to avoid any possible conflicts with other computers on a router or local network, and it can’t be used outside the home network.

What are private IP addresses and how they work?

Long time ago, the global organization managing IP addresses known as Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), decided that certain addresses will be used on a private network only. There is no special meaning for these numbers  – they are just used by devices on a private network and can’t be accessed from the Internet (hence the name private IP address). That’s why modems and routers can operate within the same network using this default address without any connection conflicts, but when you want to access a router from the Internet, you have to use the public IP address. The address is usually reserved as default router LAN address. is a common address for devices across the planet

All router manufacturers must use an IP address within the private range, so in the early years of Internet, mainstream broadband routers started using address as their default. When the router is assigned this address, it makes sense that it then assigns the next available address to other devices on its network. Usually the networks assign private IP addresses by using DHCP protocol which allows them to dinamically change and reassign addresses for devices within the network. This doesn’t mean that devices gain any kind of improved performance or better security from their private IP addresses.

Why you shouldn’t try changing the address for your device

It’s not recommended that you try to assign this address manually through a process called fixed or static address assignment, because it can cause connection problems if the router is not configured properly. Each local router that uses a DHCP comes with a range of private addresses that it can assign to other devices – clients. For example, a home router with private address can allocate addresses to other clients ranging from to, but most routers will use the address starting at the beginning of the range. If you try to assign the to your device, the router will not check whether any other device on the network has the same address and this can cause a connection conflict. We advise you to always let your router control the assignment of IP addresses.

If you still want to access your router

Accessing your router’s administrative console is simple: just type in your router’s address in your browser URL address bar. Let’s say that your router has address; all you need to do is type it in your browser and it will open a new window with customizable router settings. Most routers have default user name “admin” and passwords “user”, “password” or “1234”.

Some commercial broadband routers use as their default IP address on local networks. This address is usually assigned to a network gateway or any other network server, although most private devices on the network can also use it.

Gateway address

Default gateway address is a class A address and it represents the local side of a router that connects to the Internet. It’s default subnet mask is and other devices see address in their TCP/IP settings after they join local area network.

What devices are using

Although it belongs to a private IP address range with other addresses like and that are used for home networks, has always been more commonly used for business networks. Both and 192.168.x.x addresses are private, which means they can’t connect to other devices on the Internet, nor can any other device outside the network connect to a device using this address.

Common issues with

If device address is incorrectly assigned, the administrator has to set up gateways as static IP addresses. Entering this address in a wrong place, or simply mistyping it will make the device unavailable on Nevertheless, even if the device is correctly assigned to this address, connection problems may occur if the network itself is having internal technical difficulties. Considering that most clients use the network name (SSID) to connect to the gateway, and that IP settings are automatically configured for each client, sometimes a glitch can cause the gateway settings to become lost or corrupted.

A lot of PC users are wondering what could these numbers possibly mean, and since there isn’t a lot of information regarding this subject online (at least for those of us with little technical knowledge), we decided to try and give you a simple answer once and for all.

What is

Whenever you need to set up your local router, the only way to access it is through its default gateway. This basically means that typing in your browser takes you to router’s control panel which can then be modified, though it’s highly recommended you don’t change the settings if everything’s working fine. The is a special reserved block of non-routable private IP address and it connects the router to the rest of the network. Any other address that doesn’t start with these numbers, for example and such, is outside of your subnet, or to put it simply – it belongs to some other computer in the outside world. There are probably millions of devices that share the same address in the private network, but they never come into conflict with each other because these IPs are used only for communication within the network. To go beyond your private network outside the IP address range and browse the Internet, you have to use a firewall, proxy or router. Every PC gets the IP address from the router via DHCP protocol, which basically means your PC will get a temporarily reserved address and use it to register on the network.

But why exactly?

Because these are “round” binary numbers that allow the routing equipment to look at the bits directly, instead of trying to figure out how to route the whole data packet. It may be hard to understand, but address dates back to the 90’s when the computers were a lot slower and could only digest 8 bit information. Back then, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) created three IP ranges for private networks, and the simplest and easiest to maintain and control was That’s why we use it today in our private home networks (Class C), while bigger networks (Class A), such as Apple or Comcast, use In short, the default gateway address comes from the old addressing system and is still used today to configure your router.

Configuring your router

Like we said, most Internet service providers use IP address as default gateway and chances are you’ll be able to configure your router via this address too. Control panel for your router allows you to modify security options, such as LAN, WAN, WLAN, ADSL etc., and configure router’s network connections. Just type this address in your browser and the router control panel should show itself. You’ll need to know the router’s username and password, which is usually pretty simple – just type “admin” in both fields. If that doesn’t work, you might have to contact your service administrator. This would probably be the smartest choice either way, because configuring a router is not an easy task.

On the vast global network, every device has an IP (Internet Protocol) address. is the IP address that represents your computer, mobile phone or any other network device on the Internet or local network. It’s different than other addresses because it’s in the range of IP addresses that are reserved for local area networks only (private IP addresses). This address is also unique, which means that only one device can have it in a given network at all times, and it’s most commonly used as the Netgear or D-Link default address for local router configuration. It’s also one of IPv4 addresses, and IPv4 is the protocol that is currently used in most networks around the world. But that’s soon going to change, because the use of IPv6, the successor of this protocol, is on the rise because of insufficient number of IPv4 addresses. Ipv6 supports more address combinations and uses hexadecimal instead of binary system.

The meaning of private IP address

Your Internet Service Provider (ISP) has to assign an IP address to your device that it’s unique each time you’re surfing the Web. On the other hand, your router has a private IP address that can be accessed only on private networks, and this address doesn’t have to be unique. Because it’s not a direct access address, no one can access it outside your private network. However, private addresses can’t connect to the Internet on their own; they actually connect to a network that is already connected to the Internet (ISP), and only then gain access to it.

Finding your public and private IP address

Unless you’re having problems with your computer and you need to connect to it from another device, we are pretty sure that there’s no need for you to know your public IP address. If you still need to locate it for any reason, try visiting some of the IP address returning sites such as www.iplocation.net and www.whatismyip.com. To find your private IP address, access Windows Command Prompt, enter ipconfig and wait for a list of your computer’s connections. That’s the one identified as IPv4 address which anyone in your network can use to contact you.

Changing router’s IP address

Unless you’re having issues with your router, we have to emphasize that it’s probably for the best if you don’t try to change its IP address, because each router comes with defined factory default settings. There can be several connection errors that can be caused by improper address change. For example, If you change your router’s address into one that’s already been taken by another device on the network, you probably won’t be able to access the Internet, or you might experience other connection problems. If you still need to access your router configuration panel and change the address, you can simply enter in your browser address bar. Just keep in mind that only one device on the network should use this address to avoid connection conflicts with other devices.